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The Historical Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy in Asia


Welcome to the lecture on "The Historical Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy in Asia" by Yuko Kasuya, who is a distinguished Professor of Political Science at the Faculty of Law, Keio University in Tokyo, Japan. No need to sign-up, free lunch for the first 40 students!

Abstract: In Europe and Latin America, democracy had become the predominant regime type by the turn of the 21st century. In Asia, however, various types of regimes, including democracy, one-party regime, monarchy, and military rule, still coexist. Studies have demonstrated that such regime diversity has negative consequences on regional security and integration. Nevertheless, we know little about why this regime diversity emerged in Asia in the first place. This paper attempts to shed new light on the historical origins of Asia´s regime diversity through a comparative perspective.

The core claim of the paper is that the types of leaders who led the process of decolonization strongly influenced the types of regimes that emerged in the wake of decolonization. Further, this study maintains that the nature of political institutions around the end of the colonial era and the ideational orientations of decolonization movements are the two critical factors that place countries into a different trajectory to yield a different type of decolonization leaders (politicians, royals, communists, and activists). This framework is applied to seventeen countries in East, Southeast, and South Asia in order to gain a systematic understanding of the origins of regime diversity in Asia after World War II.

Date: 9/9/2019

Time: 12:15 PM - 1:00 PM

Categories: Social Sciences

Organizer: Statsvetenskapliga institutionen/V-Dem

Location: Dragonen, Sprängkullsgatan 19

Contact person: Natalia Stepanova

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