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Data

V- Dem provides a new and more profound way of measuring and analyzing democracy. The uniqueness of the instrument is a combination of four different properties:

1) V- Dem we approaches democracy as a multi-dimensional concept with many different components.

2) In the new measuring instrument, assessments are made based on these seven main types of democracy. Within each of the main types researchers have defined a number of components, which in turn are graded based on a total of 329 different indicators.

3) V- Dem measure all dimensions of democracy from 1900 to the present for the entire world's sovereign and semi sovereign political units, representing 112 years of political history. In total, data is collected from 206 countries.

4) Unlike other actors, the V-Dem is completely transparent in its research methods and data at all levels, including aggregating methods.
Democracy - seven main types
V- Dem includes seven main types of democracy principles: electoral democracy, liberal democracy, majority democracy, consensus democracy, participatory democracy, deliberative democracy and gender equality democracy. All seven types of democracy are broken down into different components (about 30) and sub- components (nearly 100). At the most disaggregated level, V-Dem includes 329 precise and unique indicators.

To summarize, the V-Dem conceptual scheme has several levels of specificity:

Principles (7)

Components (~50)

Sub-Components

Indicators (~329)

Indicators - are divided into three categories
A) Observable facts contained in existing data sets or other sources. Type (A) data is gathered from extant sources (other datasets or secondary sources) and requires no original coding. These indicators are collected by V- Dem research assistance at a central level. This sort of coding comprises 113 indicators, roughly one-third of the total.

B) The observed facts that are not usually found in existing sources and indices. Type (B) data is gathered from country-specific sources and does not require coding decisions, being factual in nature. They are coded by V- Dem country coordinators. These are usually citizens of the country they are coding and are typically researchers / graduate students who know the country very well. This sort of coding comprises 65 indicators, roughly 1/6 of the total.

C) Lastly, type (C) data requires some degree of judgment about the state of affairs obtaining in a particular country at a particular point in time. This genre of indicator is coded by Country Experts – generally academics or policymakers who are nationals of and/or residents in a country, with deep knowledge of that country and of a specific substantive area. The Country Experts (usually 15-20 per country) are mainly nationals of the country they are coding. This sort of coding comprises 175 indicators, about half of the total.

V-Dem seeks a minimum of five Country Experts to code each country-year for every indicator. The 175 C-indicators are organized into twelve sections and four clusters, as follows:

1. Elections
Political parties/electoral systems

2. Executive
Legislature
Deliberation

3. Judiciary
Civil liberty
Sovereignty

4. Civil society organizations
Media
Political equality

Note that if five Country Experts coded all four indicators for each country, V-Dem would use about 1,000 coders, in total, to collect the data on C-indicators across the world. However, most experts possess the requisite expertise to code only one or two of the clusters. This means that, in practice, each country is typically coded by 15 to 25 Country Experts. This in turn, means that V-Dem will engage the services of 3,000 to 5,000 Country Experts

 

More information about data

Please visit the official webpage www.v-dem.net if you want to learn more about V-Dem data and data collection.

 

Page Manager: Webbredaktionen|Last update: 4/8/2015
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